Despite heavy use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides / weedicides having become part of the conventional system of agriculture in India, farm productivity is decreasing, making the system unsustainable. And organic agriculture is gradually being established as a viable option for sustaining growth of the primary sector. This article is based on experimental results and experiences of farmers, and presents Organic Agriculture as a scientific, resource-efficient and energy-efficient, as also climate resilient system of agriculture. Organic farming practices gained momentum only during the last 2 – 3 decades. During this period it has been proved that sufficient organic inputs are available in the country, and, provided that they are used prudently, productivity and profitability will remain almost at par with the current chemical-heavy system of agriculture. At the same time, biodiversity will be conserved, carbon sequestration will be ensured and human health will be improved. However, it would be necessary to plan (i.e. draw up a program) for achieving the required quantity and quality of produce to meet the demand – from both, domestic and export markets.
First Published in Productivity. Vol.55, No.1, April-June, 2014