Livelihoods: Books, Reports & Newsletters

PostedonApr. 27, 2014in Livelihoods

Resources for Livelihoods: Books, Reports & Newsletters

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  1. Power and Potential – A Comparative Analysis of National Laws and Regulations Concerning Women’s Rights to Community Forests by Rights and Resources Initiative. (checked on 29 May 2017)

  2. Shankar Guha Niyogi: His Work and Thinking (including his last article, Our Environment), Jan Vikas Andolan, Dharwad, India, 1992. As a trade union leader Niyogi tried to integrate workers’ interests with environmental protection, and got killed for exposing and resisting exploitation and illegal activities of industrialists. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  3. Cultivating Knowledge by Andrew Flachs is a book on GM and organic cotton farming in Telangana. It is now available free and open access from the University of Arizona Press and the Open Research Library.  The book looks at the political ecology of these mutually exclusive technologies from an ethnographic perspective, as they are negotiated and learned about in context. (Checked on 18 Aug. 2021)
  4. अकोले तालुक्यात होतेय डांगी गोवंशाचे संवर्धन – लेखक शांताराम काळे, विजय सांबरे. अहमदनगर जिल्ह्यातील अकोले तालुक्यातील डोंगराळ, अति पावसाच्या आदिवासी भागाची उपजीविका डांगी गोवंशावर अवलंबून आहे. संगमनेर येथील लोकपंचायत संस्थेने डांगी गोवंश संवर्धन प्रकल्प हाती घेतला. संशोधन, पशुपालक, संस्था यांच्या संघटनेतून प्रकल्पाची यशस्वी अंमलबजावणी केली. पशुपालकांचे जीवनमान त्यातून पुन्हा उंचावले. (checked on 20 Oct. 2020)
  5. Women’s Farming Collectives: An Inquiry into the Resource Sharing Patterns across 3 Districts of Maharashtra to Provide Evidence for Sustainable Environmental Collective Action by Roshan Rathod. This study of women’s farming collectives in the 3 districts of Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg and Beed in the state of Maharashtra provides insights in the functioning, resource sharing patterns with respect to land, labour, seeds and water, and puts forward a case for collective action and its benefits in terms of accessing resources where absence of land holding for women farmers exists. The study in the larger context highlights the interesting experiments that women themselves are engaging in and growing organic produce while creating a collective space which is an economic as well as a social space. (checked on 18 Apr. 2018)
  6. India’s Quest for Sustainable Farming and Healthy Food, written by Bharat Dogra and Kumar Gautam. Comprehensive book on Farm Policy which combines Justice and Ecology Concerns. (checked on 27 Feb. 2022)
  7. शाश्वत विकासाचे वाटाडे वाटरमार्क पब्लिकेशनच्या या पुस्तकात शाश्वत विकासाची वाट दाखवणाऱ्या शाश्वत ट्रस्टच्या पुणे जिल्ह्यातील भीमाशंकर अभयारण्याजवळील डिंभे धरण परिसरातील आदिवासींच्या प्रश्नांवर केल्या जात असलेल्या कामाचे, कार्यकर्त्यांचे दस्तावेजीकरण आहे. सर्व समावेशक, सहभागी, अखेरच्या माणसाला विकासाची संधी व प्राधान्य देणा-या र्विकासाच्या नियोजनासाठी ही संस्था सतत प्रयत्नशील आहे. (checked on 22 Apr. 2016)
  8. Mother Earth, Sister Seed by Lathika George takes the reader through the changing seasons of agriculture as she travels around the country, from Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu and Coorg in Karnataka to the Khasi Hills in Meghalaya and Chamba in Himachal Pradesh, documenting the celebrations, rituals, folklore and recipes associated with each. (checked on 5 Feb. 2018)
  9. An[other] look at vocational and community education (part of the Community and Vocational Education Programmes of the Centre for Integrated Post-School Education and Training (CIPSET), Nelson Mandela University) by Britt Baatjes in consultation with CIPSET Staff.  (checked on 21 Feb. 2018)
  10. First report on ‘Status of Adivasi Livelihood’ published by Pradan.  The report throws light on per capita income, food security, dietary diversity, access and ownership to resources and rights & entitlement. It presents comparative pictures of ST and non-ST people from the same geography and ST (major tribal groups) and Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) on the same indicators. (checked on 19 Apr. 2022)
  11. Making way: developing national legal and policy frameworks for pastoral mobility. This handbook brought out by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations calls for the legal recognition and securing of pastoral mobility as a way of safeguarding and facilitating a continuous stream of economic and social benefits for pastoralists, countries, and the environment. It facilitates a deeper understanding of pastoral mobility through examples and case studies drawn from various parts of the world and identifies considerations to be borne in mind when legislating for mobility.  (checked on 17 Feb. 2022)
  12. Moong over Microchips: Adventures of a Techie-Turned-Farmer by Venkat Iyer who gave up his fast-paced life in the IT world in Mumbai to take up organic farming in a small village. With no experience in agriculture, his journey was fraught with uncertainty. As he battled erratic weather conditions and stubborn farm animals, he discovered a world with fresh air and organic food, one where he could lead a more wholesome existence. (checked on 5 Jun. 2018)
  13. The Dangi: Indigenous cattle breed from north Western Ghats by Vijay Sambare and published by Lokpanchyat describes the characteristics of the Dangi breed of cattle and the circumstances under which the adivasi people domesticated it. (checked on 5 Dec. 2019)

Articles, Essays & Reports

  1. Group Farming Is the Way Forward For Indian Croppers (appeared in the print edition as ‘United We Farm’) by Bina Agarwal. Group farming by small farmers, especially women, shows the way out of agrarian crises. (checked on 21 Aug. 2021)
  2. A Policy Brief entitled: WOMEN ARE PEASANTS TOO: Gender equality and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants (checked on 22 Jan. 2022)
  3. In the perspective India must push for women’s rights in land ownership author Bina Agarwal examines whether Indian women are anywhere near equality in owning agricultural land, the most important property in rural India. (checked on 21 Aug. 2021)
  4. Several Indian organisations have joined a global protest against the proposed collaboration between the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN and CropLife, an association of corporations that produce and promote dangerous pesticides. (checked on 6 Dec. 2020)
  5. Reimagining FPOs to transform lives of marginal farmers by Ashish Karamchandani. Food Producing Organisations formed by farmers need FPO Support Units to help with non-farming activities, aggregating demand from millions of farmers to get larger discounts, negotiate with large buyers, source appropriate advisory, credit, insurance and other products and services.  (checked on 7 July 2021)
  6. The power of women’s networks for agroecology in India – A photo story by Soumya Sankar Bose and Amrita Gupta. India’s Zero Budget Natural Farming practices (now more often referred to as Community Managed Natural Farming), are being used by nearly a million smallholder farmers. Women, with little access to credit, land, or commercial seeds, have turned out to be its strongest advocates. (checked on 8 Oct. 2020)
  7. High-yielding ‘desi’ cotton gets national recognition by Prashant Rupera. GADC-2 variety, recently developed from ‘desi’ cotton, has an increased fibre length and favourable micronaire value that make it suitable for industrial production of denim. Irrigation cost being nearly nil, and the variety being naturally resistant to pests, this cotton is cheaper and of high value. (checked on 29 Oct. 2020)
  8. Karnataka’s organic farming journey: Robust policies slowed down by poor implementation by Shruthi HM Sastry. The lack of on-ground expertise, inadequate support systems and poor implementation of policies have discouraged Karnataka’s farmers from taking up organic farming. (checked on 23 Nov. 2020)
  9. Problems and Factors Affecting Adoption of Natural Farming in Sirmaur District of Himachal Pradesh by Rohit Kumar Vashishat, Chinglembi Laishram and Subhash Sharma. Natural farming supports agro-ecological principles, chemical free farming and sustainable farming. The focus of Natural Farming is to reduce cost of cultivation, improve food quality, chemical free food, improve soil fertility, food and nutritional security. The present study was carried out in Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. (checked on 10 Sep 2021)

  10. Smallholder farming systems in the Indian Himalayas: Key trends and innovations for resilience – Report of the Indian Himalayas case study, discussing the role of smallholder innovations in enhancing resilience and agrobiodiversity (checked on 22 Feb. 2019)
  11. An Indian Duet for Urban Jobs by Jean Dr. Fallback occupations are required for entire occupation groups that have been thrown out of work for months due to the lockdown, and that are not going to recover any time soon. The author suggests that a Decentralised Urban Employment and Training (or DUET) scheme might help. (checked on 10 Sep. 2020)
  12. Critical Wildlife Habitat: What is it, how should it be implemented, and how is it being pushed through? by Sharachchandra Lele et al. Justice for forest dwellers would mean completing rights recognition and Gram Sabha-level planning, and then restarting a revamped process with adequate training and discussion will ensure that the intent of the CWH provisions, i.e., to ensure a rigorous participatory process of resolving tensions between forest rights and wildlife concerns, is achieved. (checked on 9 Sep. 2020)
  13. Dharani: Nurturing the earth, fostering farmers’ livelihoods by Joseph Satish V (University of Hyderabad, India) & C Shambu Prasad (Institute of Rural Management Anand, India). Timbaktu Collective, a non-profit organization in southern India, working for the sustainable development of rural communities with an emphasis on ecological principles and social harmony, promoted this business enterprise for procuring, processing and marketing the organic produce of farmer-members in the district of Anantapuramu. (checked on 31 Aug. 2017)
  14. Farmer Producer Companies in India: Demystifying the Numbers by Annapurna Neti, Richa Govil and Madhushree R. Rao provides a new estimate of the number of producer companies, their geographic spread, the current status of their registration, and their authorised and paid-up capital, based on a dataset constructed using information from the Registrar of Companies under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). (checked on 11 Mar. 2020)
  15. Indigenous peoples own or manage at least one quarter of world’s land surface – Authors say Indigenous Peoples are key to maintaining biodiversity and ecologically valuable landscapes. (checked on 18 Jul. 2018)
  16. मासे पकडण्याच्या साधनांच्या आठवणी – लेखक बाळू निवृत्ती भांगरे. “मासे पकडण्याची आवड ही मासे पकडण्याच्या साधनांपासून सुरू झाली.  मी तोंडया, तिवरी, मळई अशी साधने वापरली. भोताड, ताटा मांडून, झोळी अशी विविध साधने वापरून मासे पकडले”. Translation – Hooked on Fishing – A bio-diversity enthusiast from Maharashtra’s Khadki Budruk village recalls his childhood experiences with traditional fishing, and examines the need to preserve the knowledge of indigenous methods and tools. (checked on 8 Oct. 2021)
  17. Pastoralists re-establish traditional ecosystems and customary grazing rights. A case study of how more than 600 Gujjar agro-pastoralist families – due for relocation from the vicinity of the Sariska Tiger Reserve Protected Area in the Alwar district of Rajasthan – took the lead in engaging with state actors to claim their grazing and traditional water harvesting rights and preserve the Oran – a traditional ecosystem unique to the forest communities of Rajasthan. (checked on 24 Oct. 2017)
  18. Life on the Move by Kalyan Varma. The Dhangars, the last of India’s truly nomadic tribes, are always on the move and, twice a year, they, with their flocks of sheep, make a 500 km long migration across central India. This is the story of their journey. The Man who cried Wolf is the earlier article in the series (checked on 6 Apr. 2022)
  19. Book chapter “Chapter 9. From Stewards to Trespassers: Pastoralist Management of Forest Resources”, published in a book “Pastoralist Livelihoods in Asian Drylands” White Horse Press, Oxford (UK). (checked on 24 Oct. 2017)
  20. The Mighty Small Indigenous Fresh water Fish Species by Kanna K Siripurapu and Manish Rajankar discusses the nutritional importance for local rural populations of raising small indigenous freshwater fish species. Women’s livelihoods are also positively impacted, as they are directly involved in the sales activity. (checked on 4 Jun. 2019)
  21. Indigenous Knowledge of Livestock Breeding and Management, a case study published by Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture. The population has been maintained under agro-pastoral systems and represents community-based conservation of indigenous livestock. (checked on 30 Sept. 2019)
  22. Characterisation of Poda Thurpu cattle: A native livestock population of Telangana State by K K Siripurapu , S Das, S Sharma , V R Akinepalli , M Reddy and V Yadav, and published in the Journal of Livestock Biodiversity. (checked on 30 Sep. 2019)
  23. A Narration of Biocultural Practices of Communities of Sariska Tiger Reserve. This report attempts to bring forth the perceptions and bio-cultural practices of forest dwelling and forest dependent communities of the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar district of Rajasthan. (checked on 2017)
  24. Shifting cultivation, livelihood and food security – New and old challenges for indigenous peoples in Asia  (Publisher: FAO) – The document identifies external – macro-economic, political, legal, policy – and internal – demographic, social, cultural – factors that hinder and facilitate achieving and sustaining livelihood and food security among shifting cultivation communities, based on case studies conducted in India and neighbouring countries. Good practices in adaptive changes with respect to livelihood and food security, land tenure and natural resource management are also documented. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  25. Work as worship: a comparative examination of the religious/philosophical motives behind the integrated agriculture systems practice in Yuksom and Lingee-Payong, Sikkim by Eliza Dumais. (checked on 9 Oct. 2015)
  26. Equations, an NGO that works to promote equitable and sustainable tourism has published papers and reports that deal with participation of local communities in the tourism industry. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  27. Asia InCH (Intangible Cultural Heritage) Encyclopaedia lists several publications, books and papers dealing with traditional art, crafts and textiles. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  28. ‘Community Lands’ Less About Saving The Past Than Securing The Future by Liz Alden Wily. The author observes that retaining community-based governance on land on the African continent is practical. It survives and thrives precisely because it is so localised; accessible, relevant, and virtually cost-free to manage. (checked on 28 Jan. 2016)
  29. Farmers in Puerto Rico are Growing a Culture of Social Justice and Climate Resilience by Jake Price.  After Hurricane Maria, hundreds of young farmers, many women, have established bold approaches to agriculture—and their ideas are resonating beyond the island. (checked on 12 Mar. 2020)
  30. NGOs’ role in livestock improvement – A case of ANTHRA by Nitya Ghotge and Sagari Ramdas focuses on the development of livelihoods of marginalised communities including pastoralists, dalits and tribal groups. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  31. Have we asked the Children? by Nandana Reddy  explains the importance of understanding the working children’s demand for rural development and poverty eradication in the context of the Child Labour Act. (checked on 30 Jan. 2016)
  32. A lac cooperative’s success story by Amita Bhaduri. A lac cooperative in Jharkhand strengthens and streamlines the lac-production system. (checked on 18 May 2016)
  33. Report on a workshop on Organic Farming, Zero Budget Natural Farming, Marketing & PGS, Apple Cultivation organised by Muskaan Jaivik SHG of Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, in Mar 2018. (checked on 9 Apr. 2018)
  34. The beat of eco-friendly drums – A story of how the long acquired skill of the Mirasi community was used to make a lifestyle product that will be more appreciated by potential users. (checked on 7 Dec. 2015)
  35. Accessing Community Rights and Livelihood Through Tourism: A Community-Based Tourism Initiative in Kumirmari, Sundarban by Aditi Chanchani and Rajesh Ranjan. The authors trace the different phases of a community-based tourism initiative by the people of Kumirmari, an island in the Sunderbans which aims to combine aspects of community involvement, ownership, governance, benefits, and empowerment, and support the local people in accessing their community and livelihood rights. (checked on 18 Sep. 2018)
  36. Zameen Story: Empowerment through Profit Sharing. Zameen Organic is a farmer owned and controlled cotton enterprise specialising in organic and fair trade products. In addition to empowering farmers, Zameen also works as a supply chain management company to raise environmental and social standards along the supply chain as well as ensuring that profits are distributed more evenly along the value chain ensuring that farmers get a fairer share. (checked on 14 Nov. 2019)
  37. How can India’s farmer producer companies better serve small-scale farmers? a briefing paper by Sukhpal Singh. Published by IIED, London.
  38. Links to stories about millet farmers of Zaheerabad being far better off than those using seeds, pesticides and fertilizer purchased from the market grow cash crops like Bt Cotton :

                Millet Telangana : Solution to Farmers’ Suicides:
                A silver lining in times of distress:
                Magic of millets                                              Telangana government urged to declare state as ‘Millet’ state to prevent suicides by farmers
                No farmer ended life in millet land Medak:


  1. Farmers’ Forum magazine – Aug. Sep. 2018 issue. (checked on 20 Sep. 2018)
  2. Development Alternatives publishes a newsletter which covers practices like using renewable energy, watershed management, promoting sustainable agricultural practices, delivery of services for eco-housing, training for job creation and rural communications. (checked on 25 Jun. 2015)
  3. Community Forest Rights Newsletter, a bi-monthly, is brought out by the Community Forest Rights – Learning and Advocacy group in order to share news, views, policy updtes and analysis relating the the CFR provisions. Read these issues: April-May 2015, June-July 2015.(checked on 19 Oct. 2015)
  4. People in Conservation newsletter published in English & Hindi by Kalpavriksh. It centers on the issue of Community Based Biodiversity Conservation and Livelihood Security. (checked on 9 Jan. 2018)
  5. Pastoral Times IV and V published by Centre for Pastoralism (checked on 17 Sep. 2018)
  6. Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA) magazine (English) (checked on 30 Mar. 2021)
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